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Food & Water

Many areas of the world do not have the same sanitation and water treatment available in Canada. This increases your risk of illness caused by eating and drinking while travelling. In fact, the most common illnesses in travellers are caused by eating or drinking something that has been contaminated.

Tips for eating and drinking safely to decrease your chance of illness while travelling:

Water Activities

Travelling to warm destinations with access to the ocean, pools and water activities are common for international travellers.

Tips for safe behaviour in and around the water

Insect Bites

While some illness transmitted by insects can be prevented by vaccines or medications, most infections caused by insects must be prevented by avoiding bites. This includes understanding what type of diseases are transmitted by insects in the area you are travelling, when the insect bites and how to prevent the bites.

Tips to prevent insect bites

Animal Exposure

  • Avoid close contact with wild, captive or domestic animals
  • Prevent children from approaching and handling animals
  • Do not handle, feed or attract wild animals with open garbage cans or litter
  • Prevent bats from entering living quarters. Avoid caves or mines that have bat infestations.
  • Be cautious and do not handle monkeys
  • Monkeys can be aggressive and they carry a variety of viral, bacterial, and parasitic agents that may pose a threat to human health
  • Do not provoke or handle snakes
  • Avoid all contact with live poultry or any wild birds especially in settings such as commercial or backyard poultry farms and live poultry markets

    If you’re bitten by an animal:
  • Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water
  • Get medical attention immediately