Population Health assesses the health status of the population and strives to improve the health of the entire population and to reduce health inequities among population groups.
The Population Health Promotion Program (PHPP) provides services on an individual client basis as well as to high-risk groups and the broad community utilizing a population health approach. The population health approach focuses on the entire range of individual and community factors that determine health. The Key ”Determinants of Health” include: Income and Social Status, Social Support Networks, Education and Literacy, Employment and Working Conditions, Social Environments, Physical Environments, Personal Health Practices and Coping Skills, Healthy Child Development, Biology and Genetic Endowment, Health Services, Gender, Culture.
The overall goal of this approach is to maintain and improve the health status of the entire population, reduce the incidence of disease and injury, and to eliminate inequities in health status between population groups.
Services encompass a continuum of health action from pre-conception to old age. Specific strategies are in line with those described in the World Health Organization’s Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (1986) and include:
- Developing Personal Skills
- Strengthening Community Action
- Creating Supportive Environments
- Building Healthy Public Policy
- Community Needs Assessment and Program Planning
The program links with Provincial Population and Public Health Programs to deliver a wide range of health promotion interventions, including:
- Oral Health Program
- Injury Prevention
- Tobacco Reduction
- Health Equity
- Poverty Reduction Initiatives
- Health Promotion Education
- Population Health Surveillance