Last Updated: April 30, 2022
Vaccines are a critical way to limit the spread of COVID-19. They are effective and safe. Immunization protects your health, as well as the health of your loved ones and the community.
Eligibility|Additional Doses|Immunization & Travel|Immunization Records |Youths Under 18|AstraZeneca / Covishield|Booking an Appointment|Why Get Immunized||Getting a Vaccine|Vaccine Safety| Vaccines & Fertility| How Vaccines Work| After Immunization|Second Dose|Planning & Distribution|Other
Q: Are the COVID-19 vaccines available to the general public?
A: All Albertans five years of age and older are eligible to book their first dose.
How to book: see ahs.ca/covidvaccine.
Please note: AstraZeneca will no longer be available after April 30, 2022.
Q: What COVID-19 vaccines are available in Alberta?
A: Pfizer-BioNTech – approved for age five and older
Moderna – approved for age 12 and older
Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) – approved for age 18 and older
Novavax – approved for age 18 and older
Q: Are children eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccines?
A: The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is approved for age five and older.
The Moderna vaccine is approved for children age six and older.
Q: Do I need to pay for the COVID-19 vaccine?
A: No, the COVID-19 vaccine is free.
Any offers to provide vaccination to the public for a fee are not legitimate and should be reported to your local law enforcement agency's anti-fraud/scam unit via the police non-emergency telephone line.
Q: Who is eligible for fourth doses of the COVID-19 vaccine?
A: Fourth doses of the COVID-19 vaccine are available for eligible groups, including:
Q: Why are additional doses recommended?
A: There is limited evidence on how long protection from a first booster dose persists, with studies suggesting some decrease over time. Preliminary data indicate that a second booster dose provides additional protection, including against severe disease. An additional dose will help protect older adults living in the community and residents of seniors congregate living settings who are at higher risk of experiencing severe outcomes from COVID-19.
Q: Who is eligible for additional doses for travel?
A: Albertans may be eligible for up to two additional doses of COVID-19 vaccine to meet international travel requirements. Albertans need to research and understand which COVID-19 vaccines are accepted at their destination. Health Link staff is unable to provide travel destination requirements. No proof of travel is required for booking an appointment nor are there restrictions on type of travel.
Q: Why are some Albertans able to get an additional vaccine for travel?
A: Some jurisdictions outside of Canada have indicated that they will not accept visitors who have been vaccinated with AstraZeneca / Covishield or who have received mixed doses.
Additional mRNA doses will be made available to Albertans who are travelling to a jurisdiction that does not accept visitors who have been vaccinated with AstraZeneca / Covishield or mixed doses. We recommend all Albertans with international travel plans check the COVID-19 vaccine requirements for their destination.
Q: Who is eligible for third doses of the COVID-19 vaccine?
A: Third doses of the COVID-19 vaccine are available for eligible groups, including:
See Additional Doses
How to book: ahs.ca/covidvaccine
A: A third dose is available to Albertans aged 5 and older with underlying conditions.
See eligible conditions.
Recommended 8 weeks after second dose.
Q: Are there side effects after receiving an additional dose?
A: Clinical evidence indicates that side effects reported after an additional dose were consistent with previous doses and mostly mild or moderate. No serious adverse events were reported after administration of an additional dose.
Q: Is the booster dose only a half dose?
A: Individuals receiving a booster dose of the Moderna vaccine who are under 65 years of age and who are not residents of seniors congregate care facilities, are recommended to get a half dose.
Q: What individuals are eligible through seniors' supportive living facilities?
A: All residents at private and public long-term care homes, licensed supportive living homes, and First Nations elder care lodges are eligible for an additional dose regardless of age.
Residents do not have to book their own appointment and will receive their additional dose through their facility.
A: You are eligible for an additional dose of the COVID-19 vaccine ONLY if you:
Only the conditions listed above are eligible at this time.
Q: Are pregnant people eligible for additional doses?
A: Pregnant people 12 years of age and older are eligible to receive a third dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.
Q: My doses were received outside Alberta. Am I eligible?
A: If you are eligible, you can receive your additional dose even if your previous doses were given elsewhere.
Q: What if I am homebound? Am I eligible to receive a third dose?
A: Anyone that is homebound and 5 years of age and over is eligible.
Q: How can I book my third dose if I am in these eligible groups?
A: You can book your additional dose of the COVID-19 vaccine if you're eligible through the online booking tool, at participating pharmacies and physicians' offices, walk-ins, or by calling Health Link at 811.
Individuals aged 65 and older who live on a First Nations reserve will be able to access third doses through local public health clinics on-reserve.
Q: Will other groups be eligible for additional doses in the future?
A: Decisions around eligibility and recommendations for vaccines are made by the Government of Alberta. They will continue to review the available evidence, epidemiology and advice from expert advisory bodies regarding the use of additional doses in other populations.
Q: Where can I get more information on eligibility?
A: You can visit the Government of Alberta website.
It is recommended that people check the policies of individual countries, state/local governments, cruise lines and/or venues and events before travelling. Find up-to-date travel guidance on:
Q: I received a COVID-19 vaccine outside of Canada that is not approved by Health Canada. Am I eligible for mRNA series when I return to Canada?
A: Alberta considers all vaccines with emergency authorization by the World Health Organization (WHO) as being valid. If you received one or two doses of a WHO approved vaccine , but not a Health Canada authorized vaccine, you may still get immunized in Alberta with an mRNA vaccine, if you so choose.
For more information, see:
Q: Is there a waiting period between vaccine series?
A: If you choose to complete an mRNA vaccine series upon your return to Alberta, you must still complete their 14-day mandatory federal quarantine. To minimize interference with previous vaccines, it is recommended to wait four weeks after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine in another country before receiving a dose of a Health Canada authorized vaccine.
Q: Will I receive an immunization record at my appointment?
A: Yes, you will receive an immunization record at the time of your appointment.
Q: What other options are there to access my immunization record?
A: Albertans turning 12 and older can get their vaccine record with a QR code at alberta.ca/CovidRecords. You will be able to download your record to print or save on your phone.
If you are unable to access your vaccine record online, you can request a copy through your immunization provider or through a participating Registry Agent. If you were immunized by AHS, you can call Health Link 811 for assistance or request a copy at your next immunization appointment.
For more information see the Government of Alberta COVID-19 vaccine records page.
Q: I do not have access to Alberta's provincial record or QR code. What other forms of proof of vaccination are acceptable in Alberta?
A: If you do not have access to a provincial vaccine record with a QR code, there are other valid forms of proof of vaccination, which include:
Q: What if my vaccine information is missing or incorrect?
A: For assistance with missing or incorrect information, visit the COVID Records Help Desk.
Q: I received my immunization outside of Alberta. How will it be added my immunization records?
A: If you received COVID-19 immunization outside of Alberta or Canada, you can submit this information to be added to your health records through a secure, web-based portal at ahs.ca/vaccineregistry.
Out-of-province or out-of-country immunization records can be submitted on behalf of a child/youth under 18 years of age.
Submitting out-of-province and out-of-country immunization records ensures Albertan's health records are fully up-to-date. It also provides an accurate record of who has been immunized.
If someone is unable to access the online portal, a copy of the immunization record can also be brought to an AHS Public Health Clinic.
If AHS has contacted you either by phone or by letter requesting you to provide missing or additional information so your immunization record can be verified, please call us back as soon as possible during business hours at the number left on the phone message or letter.
Q: I've already brought my out-of-province or out-of-country COVID-19 immunization records to an AHS Public Health Clinic to be added to my health record. Do I need to upload them through the portal, too?
A: If you have already submitted your out-of-province or out-of-country COVID-19 immunization records to an AHS Public Health Clinic you do not need to upload them through the portal. It will be added to your health record within two to three weeks.
Q: Can I upload other, non-COVID immunization records through the portal?
A: At this time, the Immunization Record Submission portal can only be used for out-of-province and out-of-country COVID-19 immunization records.
Q: I received my first dose of COVID-19 vaccine outside of Alberta. How will it be added to my immunization records?
A: If you received one dose of COVID-19 vaccine outside of Alberta, please bring a written record of your first dose when you attend your second dose appointment.
Out-of-province and out-of-country immunizations can be uploaded to the Immunization Record Submission online portal ahs.ca/vaccineregistry, which will then be reviewed by AHS and added to your health records.
Q: Can I use my Alberta vaccine record and QR code for travel?
Canadians travellers may be required to show proof of vaccination before going abroad. It is recommended that people check the policies of individual countries, state/local governments, cruise lines and/or venues and events before travelling.
Alberta's vaccine record will be updated November 24 to meet the Canadian standard for domestic and international travel.
Q: Is consent from a parent or guardian required for a minor to be vaccinated?
A: Parental consent for minors under the age of 18 is required. In some circumstances, a minor may be determined to be a mature minor who has the capacity to consent to being vaccinated on their own behalf. This is determined on a case by case basis.
Q: Is there a consent form parents or guardians are required to sign?
A: Prior to receiving their immunization, minors (under 18 years of age) if who are not deemed a mature minor will require parent/guardian consent. If the parent/guardian is in attendance, verbal consent is appropriate. If a parent/guardian cannot be in attendance, a consent form can be signed and provided if they are not deemed a mature minor to the immunizer prior to administering the vaccine. This form can be found here: Consent for COVID-19 Immunization
Q: Does a parent or guardian need to accompany the minor to their immunization appointment to provide consent?
A: If the parent is unable to attend the appointment, the minor can bring a signed consent form. Verbal consent from the parent/guardian at the time of the appointment is preferred.
In circumstances where a minor does not have signed consent form but is deemed mature by the attending immunizer, parental consent is not required.
Providing immunization for a mature minor and the assessment leading to this decision by the attending immunizer is done on a case by case basis.
Q: If parental consent is required, can this be provided electronically or remotely?
A: The parental consent form can be viewed or downloaded electronically. However, electronic signatures or submitting the signed consent form electronically is not possible at this time.
Parents are asked to print the consent form, sign it, and send it with the youth, or individual accompanying the youth, to the immunization appointment.
Q: Can a parent accompany the youth being immunized if the child requests it?
A: Yes. A parent can accompany a youth to their immunization.
Q: What if a minor does not have a parent or guardian willing to provide consent, but the youth would like to get the vaccine?
A: In some circumstances, a youth under the age of 18 may be determined to be a mature minor who has the capacity to consent to being vaccinated on their own behalf.
This is determined by each healthcare provider and takes into consideration a number of factors including age, and ability to understand the benefits and risk of the vaccine.
Providing immunization for a mature minor and the assessment leading to this decision by the attending immunizer is done on a case by case basis.
Q: What is AstraZeneca / Covishield?
A: Covishield is the brand name of a vaccine produced by the Serum Institute of India that is considered comparable to AstraZeneca / Covishield by Health Canada. AstraZeneca / Covishield was approved by Health Canada on Feb. 26, 2021.
Q: Is AstraZeneca/Covishield still available in Alberta?
A: As of April 30, 2022, AstraZeneca will no longer be available.
Q: Have there been any reported cases of vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) in Alberta or the rest of Canada?
A: While every adverse reaction is unfortunate, it is important to remember that these blood clots are extremely rare.
The risk of VITT in Canada has been estimated to be approximately 1 per 55,000 doses.
For updated information on VIIT cases in Alberta, visit COVID-19 Vaccine Program.
A: The risk of experiencing any blood clots is very low. However, as with anyone who receives any medication, including a vaccine, we encourage you to monitor your health and seek immediate medical attention if you experience any health concerns. The rare reports of VITT happened four to 42 days after getting the vaccine.
If you experience any of the following symptoms in the 4 to 42 days after receiving the AstraZeneca vaccine, please seek immediate medical attention. Symptoms include:
Q: How effective is this vaccine?
A: In clinical trials, AstraZeneca prevented 60 per cent to 80 per cent of sickness from COVID-19 and was even more effective in preventing severe illness and death, starting two weeks after the second dose.
Q: Why is immunization important?
A: Although some individuals are at greater risk for severe complications, without immunization, we have seen that even healthy Albertans are at risk of severe illness and even death from this virus.
Vaccines make your immune system stronger. They build antibodies to help prevent diseases. Immunization is safe. It is much safer to get immunized than to get COVID-19 disease.
We all must do our part to protect one another. Immunization is the single most effective means of protecting yourself, your loved ones and the greater community from COVID-19.
Q: How do I make the decision on which vaccine is right for me?
A: This decision is a personal choice. AHS, in conjunction with Alberta Health, recommends all Albertans get immunized as soon as they are eligible no matter what vaccine option is provided.
Those at the highest risk of severe outcomes or transmission of COVID-19 to those at high risk are recommended to receive the mRNA vaccines.
All COVID-19 vaccines currently approved for use in Canada - Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) and AstraZeneca / Covishield, are safe and effective, and will help prevent serious illness.
If you have concerns, we encourage you to speak with your healthcare provider. In consultation with them, you can determine if the benefits of immunization outweigh potential risks based on your health and circumstances. We encourage everyone to review current evidence in order to make the best and most informed decision about your health, the health of your loved ones and the greater community.
Widespread immunization will help all Albertans return to a more normal way of life, sooner.
Q: I have underlying health conditions. Is the vaccine right for me?
A: We understand some people may be anxious about whether the COVID-19 vaccine is right for them. It is always best to speak to a healthcare professional about your concerns so you can decide together whether the vaccine is right for you.
Alberta Health has provided a list of underlying health conditions to help determine if you are eligible for the vaccine.
Q: What does it mean to be partially or fully immunized?
A: A person is considered partially immunized after 14 days have passed since they received the first of two doses in a two-dose COVID-19 vaccine series. The risk of becoming sick after exposure to COVID-19 and spreading the virus to others is lower for a partially immunized person.
A person is considered fully immunized after 14 days have passed since they received the second dose in a two-dose COVID-19 vaccine series. A second dose of vaccine provides longer lasting immunity against COVID-19.
There are currently no one-dose COVID-19 vaccines being provided in Alberta, however, a person is considered fully immunized after 14 days have passed since they received the only dose in a one-dose COVID-19 vaccine series.
Q: How effective are current vaccines against the variant strains of COVID-19?
A: See COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness against variants of concern in Alberta, Government of Alberta.
Q: Can I choose the vaccine I want when booking or at my appointment?
A: If you have a contraindication or allergy to a vaccine ingredient, we encourage you to speak with your healthcare provider before you receive the COVID-19 vaccine.
Q: Am I able to choose between Pfizer or Moderna vaccines?
A: At this time, individuals are able to choose their vaccine type.
Both Pfizer and Moderna are mRNA vaccines. They are about 94 to 95 per cent effective in preventing COVID-19 disease and they also protect against severe COVID-19 illness, risk of hospitalization or death. These vaccines have similar side effects, with the most common being pain at the injection site, tiredness, or headache.
If you have a contraindication or allergy to a vaccine ingredient, we encourage you to speak with your healthcare provider before you receive the COVID-19 vaccine. If you have questions, you may also call Health Link at 811 to speak with a registered nurse.
A: It's possible that someone may have an allergic reaction after receiving COVID-19 vaccine. Individuals with known allergies to any of the components of the vaccine should not receive it.
Q: Should I get vaccinated even if I've had COVID-19?
A: Yes. People with previous COVID-19 infection should continue to receive a complete vaccine series at the recommended intervals.
While having had the disease offers some protection against future infection, there's not enough data about that level of protection to know when it tapers off or how protective it is against new variants.
Getting fully immunized offers the best protection possible from the virus.
Q: Is there a mandatory waiting period between recovering from COVID-19 and receiving the vaccine?
A: Yes. It is recommended to wait eight weeks after a COVID-19 infection before beginning or completing a primary series of vaccine.
It is recommended to wait three months after a COVID-19 infection before getting a booster dose.
Q: Should I leave a gap between getting the COVID-19 vaccine and other vaccines?
A: COVID-19 vaccines may be co-administered with, or at any time before or after other vaccines (including live, inactivated, adjuvanted or unadjuvanted vaccines). This is safe and recommended for all populations including children, youth and those who are pregnant, trying to get pregnant or who have recently delivered.
All immunizations are important to ensure maximal protection against infectious diseases. For more information about vaccines that may be recommended for you, or your child, please visit: immunizealberta.ca.
Q: Should I leave a gap between getting the flu vaccination and the COVID-19 vaccine?
A: These vaccines can be administered at the same time. Since the COVID-19 vaccine became available, substantial data has now been collected regarding the safety of COVID-19 vaccines. At this time, there are no known safety concerns with administering both vaccines at the same time.
We recommend all Albertans receive both the COVID-19 vaccine, as well as the influenza vaccine as soon as possible to ensure the health and safety of themselves, and the greater community.
Q: I am scheduled to have a surgery soon. Is it safe to still receive the COVID-19 vaccine?
A: Most surgical procedures would not impact the safety or effectiveness of immunization. While there are no contraindications related to COVID-19 vaccine administration and surgery, individuals may experience adverse events following their immunization which may impact their ability to attend a surgical procedure. Side effects, such as fever, would typically occur within 24 hours of having received a COVID-19 vaccine and would normally resolve within 48 hours. Therefore, it may be advised to avoid immunization within the seven days prior to undergoing a major surgery. For surgeries that impact the immune system (e.g. transplantation) the full vaccine series should be completed two or more weeks in advance of the immunocompromising state, if possible.
Check out Immunize Alberta for Common Questions about Vaccine Safety.
Q: What goes into making sure vaccines, including the COVID-19 vaccines, are safe and effective?
A: Canada is recognized around the world for high standards for vaccine review, approvals, and monitoring systems. Only vaccines that are safe and effective will be approved for use in Canada. After a vaccine is approved for use, evidence on safety and effectiveness is reviewed by the National Advisory Committee on Immunization who provide recommendations on immunizations for individuals and for public health programs.
Q: Have there been any adverse events following immunization with the COVID-19 vaccine?
A: Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), the provinces and territories, and manufacturers continue to closely monitor the safety of COVID-19 vaccines and respond to any safety issues that arise.
Provincially the Government of Alberta has the most up-to-date figures on adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with the COVID-19 vaccine. A weekly report on side effects following COVID-19 vaccination in Canada, is available from the Government of Canada.
The benefits of vaccines authorized in Canada continue to outweigh the risks. All eligible Albertans are encouraged to get immunized as soon as possible.
Q: I am experiencing side-effects from the COVID-19 vaccine, what do I do?
A: Many people have no side effects from the COVID-19 vaccine. If you do have side effects, they tend to be mild and go away in a few days. Please refer to COVID-19 Care after immunization for a list of symptoms.
As with anyone who receives any medication, including a vaccine, we encourage you to monitor your health and seek immediate medical attention if you experience any health concerns. Having a serious side effect after an immunization is very rare.
If you do have a serious or unusual side effect call Health Link at 811 to report it. If you are seriously ill and need immediate medical attention please call 911.
Healthcare providers play a crucial role in monitoring vaccine safety and are obligated to report adverse effects that may be linked to immunization. Adverse events are reported to the AHS Provincial AEFI Team.
Q: Have there been any reported cases of Myocarditis and Pericarditis Following COVID-19 Vaccines Alberta or the rest of Canada?
A: A small number of cases of myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) and/or pericarditis (inflammation of the lining around the heart) following immunization with COVID-19 vaccines have been reported in Alberta and Canada, as well as internationally. These cases are very rare and most reported cases to date have followed vaccination with an mRNA vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna).
While every adverse reaction is unfortunate, it is important to remember that these side effects are extremely rare.
For up to date information on myocarditis and pericarditis following COVID-19 vaccinations in Alberta, visit COVID-19 Vaccine Program.
Q: What should I know about myocarditis and pericarditis following COVID-19 vaccinations?
A: In the U.S. and Israel, the reports of this rare side effect are being seen most often in younger people, mostly males, under 30 years of age, most often after getting the second dose of an mRNA vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine).
Canada and the U.K. have not reported the same trends, possibly due to the fact second doses in younger people have not yet been given in large numbers.
Most cases had mild illness, responded well to conservative treatment and rest, and their symptoms improved quickly.
Usually, symptoms started within one week after vaccination (four to seven days).
People should seek medical care and let the healthcare providers know about their recent COVID-19 immunization if they develop chest pain or pressure, shortness of breath, or the feeling of a rapid or abnormal heart rhythm after immunization.
For up-to-date information on myocarditis and pericarditis following COVID-19 vaccination in Alberta, visit COVID-19 Vaccine Program.
Q: I've heard the COVID-19 vaccine can impact male fertility. Is this true?
A: Currently, no evidence shows that any vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause male fertility problems. A recent small study of 45 healthy men who received an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (i.e., Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna) looked at sperm characteristics, like quantity and movement, before and after vaccination. Researchers found no significant changes in these sperm characteristics after vaccination.
According to the Centre for Disease Control, professional societies for male reproduction recommend that men who want to have babies in the future be offered COVID-19 vaccination. There is no evidence that vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause male fertility problems.
Q: I've heard having a high fever can affect male fertility. Isn't fever a potential side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine?
A: Fever from illness has been associated with short-term decrease in sperm production in healthy men. Although fever can be a side effect of COVID-19 vaccination, there is no current evidence that fever after COVID-vaccination affects sperm production.
Fever is also a common symptom of COVID-19.
The best course of action to protect yourself is to get the vaccine, and lower your risk of more severe symptoms of COVID-19 disease.
Q: I've heard that those who are trying to get pregnant shouldn't receive the COVID-19 vaccine as it affects fertility. Is that true?
A: The vaccines do not impact fertility, damage the placenta or increase the risk of pre-term birth or stillbirth. The vaccines safely help your body produce immunity against the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and protect you from COVID-19 infection and severe outcomes. They do not target syncytin-1, which is a different protein involved in the growth and attachment of the placenta during pregnancy.
If you are pregnant, you can get the COVID-19 vaccine at any time during pregnancy. Vaccines are safe and effective. They lower your chance of becoming very sick from COVID-19 and spreading the virus to others, including your baby.
The benefits of receiving a COVID-19 vaccine outweighs any known or potential risks of vaccination during pregnancy. Pregnant and recently pregnant individuals are at higher risk of getting very sick from COVID-19 compared with non-pregnant people.
For more information, visit ahs.ca/vaccinepregnancy.
Q: How do the COVID-19 vaccines work?
A: There are different types of COVID-19 vaccines.
The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines are messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines. These vaccines contain the genetic instructions for making a protein that is found on the surface of the virus that causes COVID-19. It uses our cells to make this protein and triggers our immune system to make antibodies against it. Then, if the real virus enters our body in the future, these antibodies will help fight the infection.
Learn more about COVID-19 mRNA vaccines.
Viral Vector-based Vaccines
The AstraZeneca / Covishield and Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) vaccines are viral vector-based vaccines. These vaccines use a harmless virus, such as an adenovirus, as a delivery system. This “vector” virus is not the virus that causes COVID-19. Adenoviruses are among the viruses that can cause the common cold. When a person is given the vaccine, the vector virus contained within the vaccine produces the protein that is found on the surface of the virus that causes COVID-19.This protein will not make you sick. It does its job and goes away. Through this process, the body is able to build a strong immune response against the spike protein without exposing you to the virus that causes COVID-19.
Learn more about viral vector-based vaccines for COVID-19.
Protein Subunit Vaccines
Novavax's Nuvaxovid COVID-19 vaccine is a protein-based vaccine. These vaccines contain harmless and purified pieces (proteins) of the virus, which have been specifically selected for their ability to trigger immunity. They cannot cause COVID-19 because they only contain small purified pieces of proteins and not the virus. Once vaccinated, our immune system recognizes that the proteins don't belong in the body and begins making T-lymphocytes and antibodies. If we're ever infected in the future, memory cells will recognize and fight the virus.
Protein subunit vaccines are already used for other diseases, such as hepatitis B.
Learn more about COVID-19 protein subunit vaccines.
Q: Will mRNA change my DNA?
A: No. Injecting mRNA into a person does not change the DNA of a human cell.
Q: Can the COVID-19 vaccine give me a coronavirus infection?
A: None of the authorized COVID-19 vaccines in use in Canada contain the live virus that causes COVID-19. The vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19.
Refer to MyHealth.Alberta.ca for information on:
Q: I received the COVID-19 vaccine, now what?
A: People who have received COVID-19 vaccine are still required to follow all measures put in place to prevent the spread of the virus. This includes all current actions and for healthcare workers, existing PPE guidance, including continuous masking, continuous eye protection and IPC recommendations for COVID-19.
The vaccines being used in Alberta are good at protecting people from developing illness caused by COVID-19 but no vaccine is 100 per cent effective.
Q: I recently received the COVID-19 vaccine, but a few days later I developed symptoms and then tested positive for COVID-19. Why did this happen?
A: None of the authorized COVID-19 vaccines in use in Canada contain the live virus that causes COVID-19. This means that a COVID-19 vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19.
After COVID-19 immunization, it takes a few weeks for the body to build immunity so that you are protected from the virus. Therefore, you can still get infected with COVID-19 just before or just after being immunized, and become sick after your immunization occurred.
The COVID-19 vaccines are not 100 per cent effective. Although immunization will greatly reduce your risk of becoming infected with COVID-19, there is still a small chance that you can become infected even after being immunized.
Q: I recently received the COVID-19 vaccine and a few days later I was tested for COVID-19 and the result was positive, even though I had no symptoms. Did the vaccine cause a false positive test?
A: None of the authorized COVID-19 vaccines in use in Canada will cause you to test positive on a COVID-19 test.
There are two types of tests that are used to diagnose COVID-19, an antigen test and a PCR test. Neither test will detect the material in the current COVID-19 vaccines or the body's response to the immunization.
If you are asymptomatic and test positive for COVID-19 after being immunized, then this positive test is the result of current or recent COVID-19 infection. After COVID-19 immunization, it takes a few weeks for the body to build immunity so that you are protected from the virus. Immunization will greatly reduce your risk of becoming infected but there is still a small chance that you can become infected even after being fully immunized.
Q: Who is eligible?
A: Anyone who received their first dose of vaccine eight weeks ago or longer is eligible to book an appointment for their second dose. Anyone that had their first dose with Pfizer or Moderna (mRNA vaccine) can visit ahs.ca/covidvaccine to book an appointment. Anyone that received AstraZeneca for their first dose can call Health Link at 811 to book their second dose with either AstraZeneca, or an mRNA vaccine.
Those who are eligible to book their second dose appointment and who consented to be contacted by Alberta Health Services (AHS) when they booked their first dose appointment with AHS, will be notified when it's time to book their second dose appointment. However, Albertans do not need to wait to be contacted to book once they become eligible.
For those who did not consent to receive a text message or automated phone call, or if they received their first dose at a pharmacy, see below for information on when they will be eligible to book.
Family bookings: The online booking tool allows eligible Albertans who received the same vaccine product, to book second dose appointments at the same time and at the same clinic for up to three additional family members.
How to book: ahs.ca/covidvaccine
Q: I booked my second dose appointment too early. Can I attend the appointment?
A: If you have a second-dose appointment booked but are not eligible (i.e. booked your appointment too early), Health Link will call to inform you that your second-dose appointment is cancelled and you will have to reschedule at a later date, when you are eligible.
Q: What information do I need to book my second dose appointment?
A: Everyone will need the date of their first immunization and type of vaccine they received to book their second dose appointment.
Those who are eligible to book their second dose appointment, and who consented to be contacted via text message or receive an automated phone call from AHS, will be notified when it's time to book their second dose appointment.
This text message or phone call will include the date of their first immunization and type of vaccine they received.
For those who did not consent to receive a text message or phone call, or if they received their first dose at a pharmacy, and don't remember the date of their first dose or which vaccine they received, they can check the Care After Immunization sheet that was provided to them at the time of their immunization, or check MyHealth Records. Health Link is also available to help at 811.
Q: Is it possible to interchange brands of vaccine between doses? For example: if received Pfizer for first dose can the second dose be Moderna, or vice versa?
A: Both Pfizer and Moderna are mRNA vaccines and work in the same way.
They are about 94 to 95 per cent effective in preventing COVID-19 disease and they also protect against severe COVID-19 illness, risk of hospitalization or death. These vaccines have similar side effects, with the most common being pain at the injection site, tiredness, or headache.
While typically people will be booked to receive the same mRNA vaccine for their second dose that they got for their first dose, it is not essential. In some situations, based on available supply, individuals will receive a different mRNA vaccine for their second dose than their first.
There is no reason to believe that a second dose with a different mRNA vaccine product would result in additional safety issues or deficiency in protection. Two doses of any of the COVID-19 vaccines available in Alberta is considered a complete, safe and protective vaccine series. (International jurisdictions may or may not have the same criteria).
Q: What happens if I miss my second dose?
A: If for some reason the administration of the second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine is delayed, you will have the opportunity to book another appointment as soon as possible.
Emerging evidence shows first doses of the vaccine are at least 80 per cent effective at preventing severe illness and longer spacing between doses does not reduce the protection or duration of immunity for multi-dose products. This data include studies in healthcare workers, long term care residents, elderly populations and the general public. Real world vaccine effectiveness is typically lower than what you would see in clinical trials which report 92 per cent protection from symptomatic disease two weeks after a single dose.
Second doses increase protection and ensure you are protected for as long as possible.
Q: Am I still able to book a first dose if I have not yet received one?
A: Yes, first doses remain the priority. To book, visit ahs.ca/covidvaccine.
If you have not yet received your vaccination, please book yours as soon as possible. The more Albertans who have vaccine protection against COVID-19, the sooner we can put this pandemic behind us.
Q: If most people already have a first dose, do we still need a second dose?
A: A single dose of Canada's COVID-19 vaccines offer at least 80 per cent protection against severe outcomes, including hospitalization and death. However, second doses are needed to get the most long-lasting protection against the virus.
Q: Which COVID-19 vaccines are approved for use in Canada?
A: To date, four products are approved by Health Canada:
Q: When did COVID-19 vaccine first arrive in Alberta?
A: Alberta began receiving vaccine doses in December 2020 for limited distribution.
Q: Who is responsible for vaccine planning?
A: The Federal Government is responsible for supplying the COVID-19 vaccine while Alberta Health is responsible for vaccine policy setting and allocation of the vaccine. Alberta Health Services is responsible for administering the COVID-19 vaccine as part of the provincial immunization program. Alberta has a robust system in place to provide access to vaccines for routine immunization programs, including seasonal influenza campaigns and outbreak response activities.
Q: Do healthcare workers need to wear gloves when administering a vaccine?
A: Vaccine providers are not required to wear gloves when administering vaccine. Infection prevention and control practices are part of immunization procedures. They include hand hygiene (handwashing or use of alcohol-based hand sanitizer) before vaccine preparation, between vaccine recipients, and whenever the hands are soiled. The Canadian Immunization Guide does not routinely recommended gloves unless the skin on the vaccine provider's hands is not intact (cuts, blisters, etc.).